Chlamydia is among the most popular STDs, especially among men and women who are college-aged. Fortunately, in contrast to the old days, chlamydia testing and treatment are now quite painless and easy. In recent times, there has been the development of tests that can identify chlamydia and these tests can be done in just a few hours. In addition, some categories of chlamydia testing can be carried out via a urine sample. Nowadays, no swab is required when you go for chlamydia testing.
Symptoms of Chlamydia
A number of individuals who have chlamydia infections will notice no symptom. As such, it is essential to have regular STD testing. The only way to detect and effectively treat chlamydia is to get tested, which is true for a number of other bacterial STDs.
There are some individuals who do experience symptoms of the infection. For women, pain during intercourse, abnormal vaginal discharge, and burning during urination are the most common symptoms of chlamydia. However, as much as 75 percent of women who have the disease display no symptoms when initially infected.
For men, discharge from the urethra and painful urination are the most common symptoms of chlamydia. However, as much as 50 percent of men who have the disease display no symptoms when initially infected.
The symptoms of chlamydia are not specific to the disease; therefore, you cannot be diagnosed by a doctor without testing. Therefore, if you visit a doctor with the symptoms mentioned above, you will most likely be tested for several STDs.
Chlamydia testing is slightly different for men and women. This is largely because of where the infections in both genders are located. For women, it is highly likely that a gynecologist will use a speculum to see your cervix. After which, he or she will use a small swab to take a sample from your cervix to be sent to the lab for testing.
Although there are similarities, chlamydia screening is not the same as a Pap smear. The two tests take a sample from your cervix using swabs. However, the swabs are attempting to detect different things and the methods of testing are different.
While it is possible to use a urine sample to test for chlamydia, there are doctors who are unwilling to carry out urine tests on women. A number of these medical professionals prefer to use cervical samples because they have historically been viewed as providing more precise results. With that said, if you prefer not to be swabbed, you can request a urine test; while it may not be as reliable as swabs, it is still very effective.
For men, the doctor will either use a small swab to get a sample from inside the head of your penis or request a urine sample. The lab then gets the sample for analysis. While many doctors do not use urine tests to identify chlamydia, you should still feel free to ask whether getting a urine test is an option. Additionally, you can call in advance to see if the doctor carries out this type of testing.
For men and women who indulge in anal sex, your doctor should be informed so that a sample can be taken from your rectum for examination. This is also true for those who engage in unprotected oral sex. While oral chlamydia testing is not always recommended, it is wise for your physician to be aware of the risk factor.
Frequency of Chlamydia Testing
Chlamydia is asymptomatic and as such, if you are at risk, it is vital to get tested on a regular basis. Your risk factors will determine how often you should be tested. Therefore, it is important to talk to your doctor about how often he or she thinks you need to be tested for chlamydia.
Chlamydia Risk Factors
• Unprotected intercourse
• Multiple sex partners
• A sexual partner who has had an STD
• Other STDs
An antibiotic is used to treat chlamydia. Typically, once prescription antibiotics are used to treat the infection, it clears up in a week or two. However, during this period, you remain potentially infectious and safer sex precautions should be used. This will safeguard you and your partner against new infections.